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[3] Szpir M. Tracing the origins of autism: A spectrum of new studies. Environmental Health Perspectives 2006 114:A412-A418.

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[11] Ingram JL, Peckham SM, et al. Prenatal exposure of rats to valproic acid reproduces the cerebellar anomalies associated with autism. Neurotoxicology & Teratology 2000;22(3):319-24.

[12] Rodier PM, Ingram JL, et al. origin for autism: developmental anomalies of the cranial nerve motor nuclei. Journal of Comparative Neurology 1996;370(2):247-61.

[13] CDC. Prevalence of Autism in Brick Township, New Jersey, 1998. Community report. Atlanta, GA: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 2000.

[14] ATSDR. Brick Township Investigation. Atlanta, GA: Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, 2000.

[15] Wakefield AJ, Murch SH, et al. Ileal-lymphoid-nodular hyperplasia, nonspecific colitis, and pervasive developmental disorder in children. Lancet 1998;351:367-641.

[17] Kaye JA, Jick H, et al. Mumps, measles, and rubella vaccine and the incidence of autism recorded by general practitioners: a time trend analysis. BMJ 2001;322(7284):460-3.

[18] DeStefano F, Chen RT. Autism and measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine: No epidemiological evidence for a causal association. Journal of Pediatrics 2000; 136(1):125-6.

[19] Taylor B, Miller E, et al. Autism and measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine: no epidemiological evidence for a causal association. Lancet 1999;353(9169):2026-9. [20] Institute of Medicine Immunization Safety Review: Thimerosal-Containing Vaccines and Neurodevelopmental Disorders May 2004

[21] Newschaffer CJ, Fallin D, and Lee NL. Heritable and nonheritable risk factor for autism spectrum disorders. Epidemiologic Review 2002 24:137-153.

[22] Autism Society of America.
Rodier PM, Hyman SL. Early environmental factors in autism. Mental Retard Dev Disabil Res Rev 4:121-128(1998).

Raun Melmed, M.D., F.A.A.P., Kerim Munir, M.D., M.P.H., D.Sc., and Peter Tanguay, M.D. Autism Spectrum Disorders in Medical Care for Children and Adults with Developmental Disabilities, Second Edition Edited by I. Leslie Rubin, M.D., & Allen C. Crocker, M.D.

Additional Resources
Autism Society of America
Autism Society of America- Greater Georgia Chapter
Autism Birth Cohort Study
CDC Autism Information Center
Centers for Autism and Developmental Disabilities Research and Epidemiology
Childhood Autism Risks from Genetics and the Environment Study
NINDS Pervasive Developmental Disorders Information Page
www.autismspeaks.org/