Teaching Resources

Precepting: References
What's the Story? Expectations for Oral Case Presentations



Brancati FL. The Art of Pimping JAMA July 7, 1989; 262:89-90.

Irby DM and Wilkerson L. Teaching when time is limited. BMJ 2008;336:384-7.

Residents as Teachers: A Guide to Educational Practice by Whitman and Schenk, Chapters 4, 5

The Physician as Teacher by Schwenn and Whitman Chapter 4, 6, 7, 8



Aagaard, E, Teherani A, and Irby, DM. Effectiveness of the One-Minute Preceptor Model for Diagnosing the Patient and the Learner: Proof of Concept. Acad Med 2004;79:42–49.

Neher, JO, Gordon KC, Meyer B, Stevens N. A Five-Step “Microskills” Model of Clinical Teaching. J Am Board Fam Pract 1992;5:419-24.



Chacko K, Aagaard E, Irby D. Teaching models for outpatient medicine. Clin Teacher 2007;4(2):82-6.

Irby D, Bowen J. Time-efficient strategies for learning and performance. Clin Teacher 2004;1(1):23-8.

Lake F, Ryan G. Teaching on the run tips 4: teaching with patients. Med J Australia 2004;181:158-9

Terry Wolpaw, T, Papp KK, Bordage G. Using SNAPPS to Facilitate the Expression of Clinical Reasoning and Uncertainties: A Randomized Comparison Group Trial Acad Med. 2009; 84:517–524.

Wolpaw TM, Wolpaw DR, Papp KK. SNAPPS: a learner-centered model for outpatient education. Acad Med 2003;78:893-8.



Cunningham A, Blatt S, Fuller P, Weinberger H. The art of precepting: Socrates or Aunt Minnie? Arch Pediatr Adoles Med 1999;153:114-6.



Wilkerson L, Sarkin RT. Arrows in the quiver: evaluation of a workshop on ambulatory teaching. Acad Med 1998;73 (suppl 10):S67-9.



Hewson M, Little M. Giving feedback in medical education: verification of recommended techniques. J Gen Intern Med 1998 13:111-6.

Usatine RP, Nguyen K, Randall J, Irby DM. Four exemplary preceptors’ strategies for efficient teaching in managed care settings. Acad Med 1997;72:766-9.